LA FAMILLE DE GOULAINE

Biographie de René Goulaine de Laudonnière né au 16e siècle (en anglais)

Le cahier de doléances de 1789 de la paroisse de Haute-Goulaine

Ouvrage écrit au XXe siècle par Robert de Goulaine

La serre aux papillons du marquis de Goulaine (à visiter absolument !)

 

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René Goulaine de Laudonnière, born 1562 – died 1582,

Basse-Goulaine tient son nom de la rivière de Goulaine qui traverse la commune au nord-est. Le monument mégalithique de la " Pierre Frite " et les pierres plates qui ont pu être disposées à proximité témoignent d'une occupation fort ancienne (entre 3500 et 800 av. JC).

French colonizer in Florida. A French Huguenot nobleman from Poitou, Laudonniere was selected second in command under Ribault's plan to develop a colony on the St. Johns River in Florida. The first mission constructed only an outpost at Port Royal, South Carolina, but while Ribault was in a London jail, Laudonniere set up Fort Caroline in 1564. The 300 civilians and limited resources were no match for a Spanish army under Pedro Menendez de Aviles. Laudonniere was wounded but escaped to France, where he wrote a history of his colony

After accompanying Jean Ribaut on the first French expedition to Florida (1562), he led a second colonization attempt in 1564, establishing Fort Caroline (named for Charles IX of France) on the south bank of the St. Johns River near its mouth. The colonists soon incurred the enmity of the Native Americans, many refused to work, others took to piracy, and finally most of them mutinied.

Fort de la Caroline was built on the south bank of the St. Johns as a haven for persecuted French Huguenots.

Fort Caroline was in desperate straits when the English privateer Sir John Hawkins appeared in August 1565, and sold Laudonnière food and one of his ships. Laudonnière was prepared to sail for France when Ribaut arrived with supplies, reinforcements, and an order for Laudonnière to return to answer charges that had been brought against him. His departure was delayed by the appearance of the Spanish. Ribaut sailed to attack them at St. Augustine, but Pedro Menéndez de Avilés attacked Fort Caroline by land and massacred most of those left there by Ribaut. Laudonnière, one of the few who escaped, finally reached France in Jan., 1566. His Histoire notable de la Floride (1586) was translated by Richard Hakluyt as A Notable Historie Containing Foure Voyages Made by Certayne French Captaynes into Florida (1587). See study by C. E. Bennett (1964).  

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Du côté de Zanzibar par Robert de Goulaine (édition Bartillat)

Au prétexte d'un voyage définitif, Robert de Goulaine promène le nonchalant chevalier Jean de Tistanel au pays sans limite du doute.

Comme Tombouctou et Kuala Lumpur, Zanzibar est la destination privilégiée des voyageurs virtuels, des chemineaux en devenir, esclaves de leurs habitudes ou tributaires d'intérêts contrariants. Ces villes réputées chaudes et ensoleillées grisent d'évocations lumineuses. On les devine accueillantes mais elles conservent cependant une part mystérieuse. Existent-elles vraiment? Ne sont-elles pas le fruit d'imaginations trompeuses, de récits mystifiants?

Du Côté de Zanzibar, le deuxième roman de Robert de Goulaine (après Le Dernier Ange, Critérion, 1992) aborde cette question essentielle de géographie littéraire. Sans mettre le pied à Zanzibar, et de loin, il offre au doute de nouveaux territoires. Tout est énigmatique dans ce roman, jusqu'au personnage principal : Jean de Tistanel, hobereau de province au maintien du siècle passé, chevalier courtois et plein de retenue.

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